I recently stated what I believe is the biggest problem with Lisp, you can’t make programs with it. In my quest, my first solution is a very simplistic Makefile that does the job using cl-launch, a very interesting program that can turn a Common Lisp program into a Bash script. Other solutions are likely to use cl-launch as well.
So, we’ll play with this little program:
(defun main () (format t "Hello world!~%")) (main)
Very trivial indeed. And to “compile it”, we’d use this trivial Makefile:
%: %.lisp cl-launch --output $@ --file $&< hello-world: hello-world.lisp
All we have to do now is run make:
$ make cl-launch --output hello-world --file hello-world.lisp
And we now have a runable hello-world:
$ ./hello-world Hello world!
It run! it worked! it’s portable! Isn’t it great?
Obviously all the logic is hidden inside cl-launch (thank you Fare Rideau). The problems with this simple solution is that using only make makes programs harder to port and package for different distributions and operating systems. That’s why the autotools where invented. Remember those days when to compile something we had to open a Makefile and set up variables? well, this simplistic solution is going back to those days. We can do better, I hope I can do better.
Now, for the curious, this is how the hello-world script looks like (I’d say its quite remarkable):
#!/bin/sh #| CL-LAUNCH 2.03 CONFIGURATION SOFTWARE_FILE=. SOFTWARE_SYSTEM= SOFTWARE_INIT_FORMS= SYSTEMS_PATHS= INCLUDE_PATH=/usr/share/common-lisp/source/cl-launch LISPS="cmucl sbcl clisp ecl openmcl gclcvs allegro lisp gcl" WRAPPER_CODE= DUMP= RESTART= IMAGE_BASE= IMAGE_DIR= IMAGE= # END OF CL-LAUNCH CONFIGURATION # This file was generated by CL-Launch 2.03 # This file was automatically generated and contains parts of CL-Launch # PROG="" . /usr/share/common-lisp/source/cl-launch/wrapper.sh launch_self "$@" ABORT # |# (load "/usr/share/common-lisp/source/cl-launch/header.lisp" :verbose nil :print nil) ;;;; CL-LAUNCH LISP INITIALIZATION CODE #-cl-launched (cl-launch::run :load :self) ;;;; END OF CL-LAUNCH LISP INITIALIZATION CODE ;;; 65bcc57c2179aad145614ec328ce5ba8 SOFTWARE WRAPPED BY CL-LAUNCH BEGINS HERE: (defun main () (format t "Hello world!~%")) (main)